Instruments in an Orchestra

You might have heard the term orchestra in music, especially in group performances. It is…

Instruments in an Orchestra

You might have heard the term orchestra in music, especially in group performances. It is a pretty cool and sophisticated ensemble, which you could actually try once you are ready. An orchestra is a big ensemble composed of different instrumentalists performing together. It is typically played by one of four families, and when we talk about orchestral families, these are the string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments. However, there are some cases wherein the exact instruments vary depending on what the composer thinks to be the best set-up. If you are still curious about this ensemble, you might want to stick around and keep reading.

Instruments in an Orchestra

Just like what we’ve mentioned earlier, an orchestra is composed of four families, but you might also want to know what specifically these instruments are. Moreover, if you have plans of learning an instrument, you can also refer to this list of instruments in the near future.


String occupies the largest number of players in an orchestra. You can find up to 60 players of string instruments, and you can either pluck or use a bow to make a sound in such an instrument. You can find violin, cello, viola, and basses in an orchestra.

Among all of these, cello is one of the most interesting string instruments to play. So if you’re a beginner cello player, and interested in playing in an orchestra, you can definitely explore it once you are ready.


The woodwind instrument takes up the second largest part of an orchestra. This type of instrument can make a sound through the blowing of Reed, which soon vibrates. You can find woodwind instruments like flute, oboe, clarinet, and bassoon in an ensemble.

Among all of these woodwind instruments, the flute can be ideal for you if you want to start your journey in this family group.


Brass instruments are played through the buzzing of lips on a mouthpiece. What you might want to know with this instrument is that the smaller your brass instrument is, the lower the pitch you can make. You can try to explore trumpet, French horn, Trombone, and tuba – the largest and lowest sounding instrument in this group.


Percussion instruments can provide you with a wide range of options to choose from. Typically, all the instruments that do not belong to the aforementioned three groups fall under percussion. This includes harp, timpani, snare drum, kettle drum, guiro, glockenspiel, xylophone, marimba, cymbals, tambourines, castanets, triangle, and bass drum. Percussion adds another level of taste, colour, and effect to the orchestra.


Although you often hear and encounter the musical term ‘orchestra’, it is always a must to dig deeper and expand your knowledge about it. It is in fact a requirement if you have plans or interest to play in an orchestra someday. Likewise, if you have a specific instrument you are totally in love with, you can master it, and then make yourself familiar with orchestral groups near you that you can reach out to when you are ready!